Because the brain is the organ responsible for personality, emotion, intelligence, and consciousness, a brain injury can affect more than just the human body. A brain injury can cause life-altering changes to someone’s fundamental human nature.
Some brain injuries are more severe than others, but any type of brain injury must be taken very seriously in order to adequately diagnose it and treat any damage. Understanding the different types of brain injury is the first step in preventing them.
Types of brain injuries
Brain injuries are divided into two categories: Traumatic, and acquired. A traumatic brain injury is caused by external force to the head, such as a blow. Sometimes these injuries are the result of a slip and fall, a car crash or a workplace accident.
Acquired brain injuries don’t necessarily develop from external force. These injuries may result from a different incident that facilitated the conditions for a brain injury. An example is a stroke that causes oxygen deprivation to the brain.
Traumatic brain injury
There are also several subcategories of traumatic brain injuries, such as:
The most common type of traumatic brain injury, concussions are caused by direct impact to the head and are often accompanied by loss of consciousness, confusion and dizziness.
A contusion is localized bleeding inside the brain. These need to be surgically removed before becoming lethal.
- Diffuse axonal injuries
Diffuse axonal injuries result from shaking or rotation that tears at the tissue and structures within the brain.
- Penetration injuries
As the name implies, a penetration injury is when a sharp object penetrates the skull and enters the brain. These types of injuries can be particularly dangerous and even fatal.
Acquired brain injury
The two types of acquired brain injuries are:
Anoxia means lack of oxygen: These acquired brain injuries occur when the brain’s oxygen supply is cut off, sometimes resulting in a vegetative state.
- Hypoxic brain injury
Similar to anoxic brain injuries, hypoxic injuries are when the brain’s oxygen supply is depleted, but not completely cut off.
All of these brain injuries can cause serious harm, and some people who have suffered one may have legal recourse for their injury.